What is paediatric ophthalmology?

Paediatric ophthalmology is a specialised branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of eye disorders in children. This field addresses a wide range of conditions affecting the visual system in infants, toddlers, children, and adolescents. Dr Shastry, as a Specialist ophthalmologist, brings a comprehensive understanding of ocular aspects related to paediatric ophthalmology, ensuring a holistic approach to the management of eye conditions in young patients.

When is paediatric ophthalmology indicated?

Paediatric ophthalmology is indicated when children exhibit signs or symptoms of vision problems, eye diseases, or disorders affecting visual development. These may include, but are not limited to, strabismus (misalignment of the eyes), amblyopia (lazy eye), refractive errors (such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism), congenital eye abnormalities, eye injuries, and neuro-ophthalmic disorders. Early detection and intervention are crucial in paediatric ophthalmology to prevent long-term vision impairment and optimise visual outcomes as children grow.

What does paediatric ophthalmology entail?

Paediatric ophthalmology involves a comprehensive evaluation of a child's visual function and ocular health. Dr Shastry employs a variety of diagnostic techniques tailored to the unique needs of pediatric patients, including visual acuity testing, refraction assessment, eye alignment evaluation, and examination of the eye structures. Additionally, specialised tests such as retinoscopy, slit-lamp examination, and ocular imaging may be utilised to further assess the child's eye health.

Treatment strategies in paediatric ophthalmology may vary depending on the underlying condition and its severity. Dr Shastry collaborates closely with other healthcare professionals, such as paediatricians and optometrists to develop individualised treatment plans for each child. Interventions may include prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses, patching therapy for amblyopia, vision therapy, surgical correction of strabismus or congenital anomalies, and management of associated ocular conditions impacting visual function.

Dr Shastry performs a comprehensive examination of your child’s eyes, thoroughly assessing overall ocular health. She will tailor her treatment plan based on the child’s general eye health and examination of the eyes.



1. What age range does paediatric ophthalmology cover?

Paediatric ophthalmology focuses on eye care for children from infancy through adolescence, typically from birth to 18 years old.

2. How often should my child have an eye examination?

The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that children specialise first comprehensive eye exams at around six months of age, followed by additional exams at age three and before starting school. After that, routine eye exams are typically recommended every one to two years or as advised by your paediatrician or eye care specialist.

3. How is a paediatric eye examination different from an adult eye examination?

Paediatric eye exams may include specialised techniques and equipment tailored to the unique needs of children, such as visual acuity testing using age-appropriate charts, assessment of eye alignment and movement, and evaluation of visual development. Additionally, paediatric eye specialists have experience in communicating with children and adapting their approach to ensure a comfortable and effective examination.